The Washington Group has assembled an array of resources on disability. These provide background and guidance about the WG, the definition and measurement of disability, and how disability is manifested in the international agenda, particularly within the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disability and the 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development.
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Inclusion is the guiding principle of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which includes the pledge to leave no one behind and to create a “just, equitable, tolerant, open and socially inclusive world in which the needs of the most vulnerable are met”. The commitment to inclusion specifically addresses persons with disabilities and is consistent with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). Adopted in 2016, the CRPD affirms equal rights for all people, regardless of their disability status, and puts forth a development agenda for ensuring full inclusion in all aspects of society.
In 2001, the International Seminar on the Measurement of Disability1 was held in New York. During this meeting participants agreed that existing data on disability, especially in low- and middle-income countries, were scarce and often of poor quality. The participants further recognized there was need for common definitions, concepts, standards and methodologies in statistics about persons with disability, as well as a need for internationally comparable, high- quality disability data collection. The Seminar recommended the development of standard indicators using population-based measures of disability for country use and for international comparisons.