These questions were originally developed for large-scale (census) surveys. What are the implications for using the questions on a smaller scale?Short Answer
The WG Short Set was designed as a core set of questions for self-reporting of functional limitation at the individual level. Although they were developed to be appropriate for administration as part of a census, the questions can be included in any existing data collection activity within a program level monitoring and evaluation framework or can be incorporated into smaller-scale surveys that collect data at the individual level. As they were developed for use in censuses, the questions are as succinct and straightforward to use as possible while still being effective and allowing for disaggregation of outcome data by disability status. For example, education level, employment status and other socio-economic indicators can be disaggregated by disability status (as defined by the question set) to determine if persons with disability have achieved the same level of participation as those without a disability on these characteristics. The short set is designed to avoid some of the failures of earlier ways of operationalizing disability (e.g. using only one question or a screening question such as ‘Do you have a disability’?), while being easy to implement in a census or survey and straightforward to analyze.
In order to properly evaluate whether programs are including people with disabilities and meeting their needs, programs will require baseline data collected at the individual level to determine disability status. The WG Short Set has been designed for this purpose. The information collected using the WG Short Set can be used to disaggregate program participation and outcomes by disability status. Conducting surveys that include the WG Short Set at a minimum of two key points in a program (e.g. start and end) will provide valuable information on how people with disabilities have benefited from or been included in a program. These do not have to be large-scale surveys, which may be beyond the resources of a program. In many cases it will be possible to include the questions into the program’s usual data collection processes. Care should be taken to train enumerators to properly ask the questions. Sample sizes should be large enough so that information on the population with disabilities served by the program can be described.